KEYNOTE 1 – Dr. Sarita Adve (UIUC)
Enabling the Era of Immersive Computing: A Rich Agenda for Embedded Systems Research
Abstract: Computing is on the brink of a new immersive era. Recent innovations in virtual/augmented/mixed reality (extended reality or XR) show the potential for a new immersive modality of computing that will transform most human activities and change how we design, program, and use computers. There is, however, an orders of magnitude gap between the power/performance/quality-of-experience attributes of current and desirable immersive systems. Bridging this gap requires an inter-disciplinary research agenda that spans end-user embedded devices, edge, and cloud, is based on hardware-software-application co-design, and is driven by end-to-end human-perceived quality of experience.
The ILLIXR (Illinois Extended Reality) project has developed an open source end-to-end XR system to enable such a research agenda. ILLIXR is being used in academia and industry to quantify the research challenges for desirable immersive experiences and provide solutions to address these challenges. To further push the interdisciplinary frontier for immersive computing, we recently established the IMMERSE center at Illinois to bring together research, education, and infrastructure activities in immersive technologies, applications, and human factors. This talk will give an overview of IMMERSE and a deeper dive into the ILLIXR project, including the ILLIXR infrastructure, its use to identify XR systems research challenges, and recent solutions to address several of these challenges (e.g., using co-designed device/edge/cloud, algorithmic frequency adaptation, and approximate computing based techniques). We will conclude with the large number of open issues that remain, providing a fertile ground for participation by the embedded systems community.
Bio: Sarita Adve is the Richard T. Cheng Professor of Computer Science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign where she directs IMMERSE, the Center for Immersive Computing. Her research interests span the system stack, ranging from hardware to applications. Her work on the data-race-free, Java, and C++ memory models forms the foundation for memory models used in most hardware and software systems today. Her group released the ILLIXR (Illinois Extended Reality) testbed, an open-source extended reality system and research testbed, and launched the ILLIXR consortium to democratize XR research, development, and benchmarking. She is also known for her work on heterogeneous systems and software-driven approaches for hardware resiliency. She is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a fellow of the ACM and IEEE, and a recipient of the ACM/IEEE-CS Ken Kennedy award. As ACM SIGARCH chair, she co-founded the CARES movement, winner of the CRA distinguished service award, to address discrimination and harassment in Computer Science research events. She received her PhD from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and her B.Tech. from the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay.